NURS 6521 week 2 Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders

Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders

heart disease remains the No. 1 killer in America; nearly half of all Americans have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or smoke—some of the leading risk factors for heart disease.

—Murphy et al., 2018

Despite the high mortality rates associated with cardiovascular disorders, improved treatment options exist that can help address those risk factors that afflict the majority of the population today. NURS 6521 week 2 Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders.

As an advanced practice nurse, you are responsible for recommending appropriate treatment options for patients with cardiovascular disorders. To ensure the safety and effectiveness of drug therapy, advanced practice nurses must consider aspects that might influence pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes, such as medical history, other drugs currently prescribed, and individual patient factors.

Reference: Murphy, S. L., Xu, J., Kochanek, K. D., & Arias, E. (2018). Mortality in the United States, 2017. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db328.htm NURS 6521 week 2 Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders

To Prepare

  • Review the Resources for this module and consider the impact of potential pharmacotherapeutics for cardiovascular disorders introduced in the media piece.
  • Review the case study assigned by your Instructor for this assignment.
  • Select one of the following factors: genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, or behavior.
  • Reflect on how your selected factors influence the patient’s pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic processes.
  • Consider how changes in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics might impact the patient’s recommended drug therapy.
  • Think about how you might improve the patient’s drug therapy plan based on the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic changes. Reflect on whether you would modify the current drug treatment or provide an alternative treatment option for the patient. NURS 6521 week 2 Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders

By Day 7 of Week 2

Write a 2- to 3-page paper that addresses the following:

  • Explain how the selected factor might influence the patient’s pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamic processes from the assigned case study.
  • Describe how changes in the processes might impact the patient’s recommended drug therapy. Be specific and provide examples. NURS 6521 week 2 Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders
  • Explain how you might improve the patient’s drug therapy plan and why you would make these recommended improvements.

Reminder: The School of Nursing requires that all papers submitted include a title page, introduction, summary, and references. The School of Nursing Writing Template with Instructions provided at the Walden Writing Center offers an example of those required elements (available at https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/writingcenter/templates/general#s-lg-box-20293632). All papers submitted must use this formatting.

Submission and Grading Information

To submit your completed assignment for review and grading, do the following:

  • Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK2Assgn+last name+first initial. (extension)” as the name.
  • Click the Week 2 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the assignment.
  • Click the Week 2 Assignment  You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
  • Next, click on the Browse My Computer button from the Attach File area. Find the document you saved as “WK2Assgn+last name+first initial. (extension)” and click Open.
  • If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
  • Click on the Submit button to complete your submission. NURS 6521 week 2 Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders

Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders

Pharmacokinetics refers to the processes that a drug undergoes in the body after being administered. This includes absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination. On the other hand, pharmacodynamics refers to the effects that medications have on the body, such as side effects. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics are affected by variables such as a patient’s medical history, concurrent medications, and patient characteristics such as age and gender. According to the case study, patient CB’s pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics are altered by the patient’s medical history and current medications. Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders is the 2nd week’s assignment for NURS 6521.

Numerous comorbidities frequently complicate the treatment of cardiovascular disease patients. These require different medications with distinct sensitivities and adverse effects. In addition, these reactions are typically not homogeneous across all patients. Therefore, continuous patient monitoring is necessary to prevent harmful medication responses (Mangoni & Jarmuzewska, 2019). CB has a history of stroke and is currently afflicted with type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. All of these factors have a substantial impact on pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Diabetes, for instance, increases the mycobacterial burden in a subset of patients, which impacts treatment (Alfarisi et al., 2018). In addition, people with diabetes mellitus have trouble excreting toxins from the kidney, which increases their chance of developing diabetic nephropathy, which may further complicate their treatment.

BUY A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE

However, the patient is taking Glipizide 10 mg, which helps prevent kidney injury. Since patient CB is diabetic and taking many medications, it is simple for toxins to collect in the body. Another significant disease that influences pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics is hypertension. Since patient CB is afflicted, it is vital to analyze the condition’s impacts and the significance of pharmacological interventions (Oparil & Schmieder, 2015). For instance, the patient is taking 180 mg of Verapamil each day, which helps to decrease blood pressure and avoid stroke (Mancia et al., 2014). Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders is the 2nd week’s assignment for NURS 6521. However, the medicine has negative consequences on the patient’s body. It may induce severe liver damage and headaches, nausea, and vomiting. It also decreases the cardiac rate. Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Conditions – NURS 6521 Week 2 Assignment

It is vital to consider those mentioned above adverse pharmacological effects when treating the patient. The patient is also taking 25 mg of Hydralazine, which is used to treat excessive blood pressure. The pharmacodynamics of this medicine are opposite to those of Verapamil 180 mg. This increases the patient’s heart rate, whereas Verapamil 180 mg decreases the pulse (Flynn, Bradford, & Harvey, 2016). Such adverse effects may be fatal to the patient; consequently, it is unwise to combine such medications. Another problem influencing patient CB is hyperlipidemia, which plays a crucial role in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Hyperlipidemia is characterized by elevated lipids (triglycerides and cholesterol) in the patient’s blood. These lipids are accumulated along blood vessels, so inhibiting blood flow.

High blood lipid levels put the patient at risk for a stroke or myocardial infarction, also known as a heart attack (Navar-Boggan et al., 2015). The patient is taking 80 mg of Simvastatin to address the problem. However, this medication has adverse effects on diabetic people. Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders is the 2nd week’s assignment for NURS 6521. Therefore, administering Simvastatin 80 mg to patient CB poses a concern because he also has type 2 diabetes mellitus. When prescribing medications to patients with cardiovascular disease, the prescribing physician must pay great attention to all relevant factors to prevent adverse drug responses. Due to comorbidities, Patient CB’s illnesses complicate pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders is the 2nd week’s assignment for NURS 6521. Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Conditions – NURS 6521 Week 2 Assignment

References

Alfarisi, O., Mave, V., Gaikwad, S., Sahasrabudhe, T., Ramachandran, G., Kumar, H., … & Raskar, S. (2018). Effect of diabetes mellitus on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of tuberculosis treatment. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy62(11), 1-14.

Flynn, J. T., Bradford, M. C., & Harvey, E. M. (2016). Intravenous Hydralazine in hospitalized children and adolescents with hypertension. The Journal of Pediatrics168, 88-92. NURS 6521 week 2 Assignment: Pharmacotherapy for Cardiovascular Disorders

Mancia, G., Fagard, R., Narkiewicz, K., Redon, J., Zanchetti, A., Böhm, M., … & Galderisi, M. (2014). 2013 ESH/ESC Practice guidelines for managing arterial hypertension: ESH-ESC: The Task Force for the management of arterial hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Blood Pressure23(1), 3-16.

Mangoni, A. A., & Jarmuzewska, E. A. (2019). The influence of heart failure on the pharmacokinetics of cardiovascular and non‐cardiovascular drugs: A critical appraisal of the evidence. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology85(1), 20-36.

Navar-Boggan, A. M., Peterson, E. D., D’Agostino Sr, R. B., Neely, B., Sniderman, A. D., & Pencina, M. J. (2015). Hyperlipidemia in early adulthood increases the long-term risk of coronary heart disease. Circulation131(5), 451-458.

Oparil, S., & Schmieder, R. E. (2015). New approaches in the treatment of hypertension. Circulation Research116(6), 1074-1095.

Assignment Writing Pro

Order NOW to get 15% Discount!

Pages
{{total || ""}}

Why Choose Us

Premium Quality Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional Assignment Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Timely Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

Customer Support 24/7

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Our Assignment Writing Help Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Services

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Coursework

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.